English (UK)

pdf Water Use Infrastrcture in the Nile Basin Popular


Download (pdf, 3.76 MB)

Water Use Infrastrcture in the Nile Basin.pdf

Water use is simply the amount of water used by a country or other lower entity such as a household.
Some of the varied uses in the Nile basin riparian states include hydro-electricity generation,
Municipal and Industrial water supply, agriculture, fishing, recreation, transport, tourism and
waste disposal.

Agriculture is a major livelihood strategy in the Nile Basin, sustaining tens of millions of people.
It provides occupations for more than 75% of the total labour force and contributes to onethird
of the GDP in the basin. An estimated 5.4 million hectares of land is under irrigation basin-wide, where over 97% of this
area is in Egypt and Sudan. The actual area cultivated on average is approximately 6.4 million
hectares. The total estimated annual irrigation water demand for irrigation is approximately 85BCM; the actual basin-wide withdrawal
of water from the Nile for irrigation is estimated as 82.2BCM.
The topography of the Nile provides opportunities for power generation, especially Ethiopia. Hydropower is a major water user in the Nile,
relying on water passing through turbines to generate electricity. Most power plants within the Nile are run of the river.